We hereby provide an overview of the traffic signs used for road traffic and the procedure for using them.
Estonian Standard EVS 613 sets out eight groups of traffic signs:
The first number in the designation of a sign indicates the group of the sign, the second number indicates the subgroup, and the third (sometimes accompanied by a character) indicates the sequence in the subgroup, therefore indicating a single certain sign. The background colour of the sign is indicated by the respective attached characters, s – blue; v – white; and k – yellow. If all the signs of a subgroup have the same designation or a common feature of the signs is mentioned, the third number is omitted when referring to a single sign.
The signs are divided into four groups by size:
The sizes of the signs to be used will be chosen according to the requirements set out in the table. Signs of a smaller size may be replaced with signs of a bigger size. It is recommended to use signs of the same standard size within the limits of a single road or registered immovable.
Sign size group
|Outside settlements||In settlements|
|0||One-lane and multi-lane roads at the permitted vl speed, vp project speed or at the v85 speed up to 30 km/h||One-lane and multi-lane roads at the permitted vl speed, vp project speed or at the v85 speed up to 30 km/h|
|I||One-lane and multi-lane roads at 30 < vp project speed up to 60 km/h||Roads at the permitted 30 < vl speed up to 50 km/h|
|II||Roads with two and more lanes vp project speed over 60 km/h||Roads with raised speed limits|
Retro-reflecting sheeting of class I is generally used for producing traffic signs and direction signs. Retro-reflecting sheeting of class II must be used for the following:
It is also recommended to use retro-reflecting sheeting of class II for signs that are difficult to notice for drivers due to low visibility and local circumstances.
When designing signs with text (direction signs), the height of uppercase characters will be used as the basis, depending on the location of installation of the sign.
The height of uppercase characters will be chosen as follows for signs used outside settlements:
The height of uppercase characters will be chosen as follows for signs used in settlements:
The height of uppercase characters of signs 635, 636 and 643 installed on class I roads, major highways and main connecting roads must be 150 mm. When such signs are installed on other roads, the height of uppercase characters will be chosen pursuant to the aforesaid list.
The height of uppercase characters of sign 644 (road name) must be 75 or 100 mm.